People want natural products and want to have more control over their health. They turn to complementary and alternative medicine to relieve common symptoms, improve their quality of life, and protect themselves against diseases and illnesses in a holistic way. traditional medicine is the body of knowledge, skills (ability to use empirical knowledge) and practices based on theories, beliefs and experiences of different cultures, whether explainable or not and used for the maintenance of health and for the prevention, diagnosis, improvement or treatment of diseases physical or mental health (WHO, 201.Generally, the use of medicinal herbs is very common in traditional medicine for the treatment of diseases. However, traditional medicine is a wider area, where the use of animals, fungi or other components of nature (rocks, minerals, etc.
Alternative medicine is a term that describes medical treatments that are used instead of traditional (conventional) therapies. Some people also refer to it as “comprehensive” or “complementary” medicine. The term traditional medicine refers to the ways to protect and restore health that existed before the advent of modern medicine. Over the past decade, there has also been a growing interest in traditional and alternative medicine systems in many developed countries.
These results suggest that experiencing certain health problems increases the likelihood that one will be a user of alternative medicine in a general sense (i.e., not just to treat that particular disorder). One-third of US adults have used alternative treatments and 60% of the public in the Netherlands and Belgium, and 74% in the United Kingdom are in favor of complementary medicine being available under the National Health Service. Non-State actors, such as multinational companies, can extort traditional knowledge and obtain patents for their own benefit. Professionals known as mid-level doctors continue to dispense traditional and modern Western-style medicines.
In China, for example, traditional medicines (herbal preparations) account for 30-50% of total drug consumption. Contrary to a number of previous findings6-13,27 and to the hypothesis of the present study, negative attitudes toward or experiences with conventional medicine were not predictive of alternative health care use. Throughout the world, traditional medicine is the mainstay of, or serves as an adjunct to, health care delivery. Through its Traditional Medicine Programme, the World Health Organization (WHO) supports Member States in their efforts to formulate national policies on traditional medicine, to study the potential usefulness of traditional medicine, including the evaluation of practices and the review of the safety and effectiveness of traditional medicine to improve the knowledge of traditional and modern health professionals, as well as to educate and inform the general public about proven traditional health practices.
In July 1996, a WHO scientific group involving 100 experts from various countries around the world adopted the list, which includes 28 monographs of 28 medicinal plants originally prepared by the WHO Collaborating Center for Traditional Medicine in Chicago, Illinois, United States of America. Since most healthcare alternatives are not covered by insurers, having access to more financial resources predicts the use of alternative medicine. Molnar, “State of Complementary and Alternative Medicine in European Medical Schools, Forsch Komplementmed 13 (200, pp. Some authors understand alternative medicine as a set of theories, knowledge and practices of care that can replace modern therapeutic methods when these methods fail to achieve their objective.
Regulators, producers and scientists may not be aware of the breadth and depth of problems related to quality control of traditional medicine products and practices. .